The proposed model was published on the Military Cyber Professional Association (MCPA) 2020-2021 magazine.

Although the author used humor in this publication; no standardized model currently exists to technically vet and verify how non-attribution is achieved.

Instead, we opted to classify links starting from a point of origin and how this is perceived on receiving end using Levels of Disassociation and incorporated these levels into Kleared4®; our cyber range platform.

Check out the publication on